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CHARACTERISTICS OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION AGED 7 ľ 11, LEFT WITHOUT PARENTAL CARE Print
Thursday, 02 November 2017

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2017-57-5-8

Ovcharenko E.S., Fefelova V.V., Kasparov E.V., Koloskova T.P., Smirnova O.V.
Federal Research Centre źKrasnoyarsk Scientific Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences╗ - źScientific Research Institute for Medical Problems of the North╗, Krasnoyarsk

Contacts: Ovcharenko Elizaveta, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Information about authors:
Ovcharenko E.S., http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6884-7871
Fefelova V.V., http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2865-866X
Kasparov E.V., http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5988-1688
Koloskova T.P., http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3847-1994
Smirnova O.V., http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3992-9207
Acknowledgments. The study had no sponsorship.
Conflct of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Abstract

Introduction. Studying peculiar characteristics of mentally retarded children (including their physical development) is relevant due to both high prevalence and severe social consequences of this pathology.

Purpose. To study characteristics of physical development in early school children (aged 7 - 11) with mental retardation in the boarding school.

Materials and Methods. A total of 120 children were examined. 35 out of them had diagnosed mental retardation (in accordance with ICD-10) and lived in a specialized boarding school for mentally retarded children. The control group included 85 intellectually healthy children of the same age. The authors studied anthropometric parameters with a further determination of harmony (balance) in physical development and somatotype.

Results. The study showed that children aged 7 - 11 with mental retardation in the boarding house had statistically significant lower indices of anthropometric parameters in comparison with the control group. Children with mental retardation had significant changes in the balance of physical development towards predominance of a very low physical development (49%). Also, there was a lower share of children with mesomorph body habitus (66%) among the children with mental retardation due to increased moderate dolicho-morphia (26%) as compared to the control group. More than a half of the mentally retarded children (57%), who were examined in the specialized boarding school showed disharmonic physical development due to weight deficit.

Conclusions. Physical development of mentally retarded children in the specialized boarding school is characterized by significant deviations in the indices of anthropometric parameters, Quetelet body mass index and ôstheniaö index. Moreover the authors found out a sharp increase in the share of children with weight deficit. The revealed peculiarities of physical development can be associated with influence of diverse deprivation, which is inevitably experienced by a child in a specialized boarding school.

Keywords: mental retardation; physical development; junior school children; boarding school.

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