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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣4 2012 (26) arrow Changes in 2009-2011 in epidemiologic situation with sexually transmitted infections and syphilis incidence in the region of Orenburg
Changes in 2009-2011 in epidemiologic situation with sexually transmitted infections and syphilis incidence in the region of Orenburg Print
Monday, 08 October 2012

M.A. Ivanova1, O.V. Porshina2, L.G. Voronina2
1 Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, Moscow
2 Orenburg Medical Academy, Orenburg

Summary. It is situation with syphilis morbidity that is among most topical themes as concerns sexually transmitted infections. It is still in the focus of professional attention of medical experts.

Just as in the whole of Russia, region of Orenburg presented with trichomoniasis and chlamydial infections as leading diseases among sexually transmitted infections, while incidental cases of syphilis and gonococcal infection accounted in Russia as a whole for 14.0% and 12.6% (2009), 12.5% and 12.7% (2011) of the total sexually transmitted infections pool, accordingly, and in this region - for 11.4% and 15.3% (2009), 8.3% and 13.3% (2011), accordingly. Both in Russia as a whole, and in this region most sexually transmitted infections were declining bringing about a diminishment in total sexually transmitted infections incidence from 53.3 to 37.6 cases upon 100,000 people of population in Russia during 2009-2011; from 61.7 to 39.1 cases (2009-2011) in the region of Orenburg. Nevertheless, the latent/retarded patterns of some sexually transmitted infections presented sustained growth in numbers - both in Russia as a whole, and also in this region, e.g. latent/retarded syphilis incidence increased in these three years by 19.8% in Russia as a whole, and by 28.2% in this particular region. Puerile incidence of syphilis follows the All-Russian steady trend for its diminishment:áá syphilis incidence in the population of Russia aged 0-14 years diminished by 29.1% (58.3% in this region) during 2009-2011; population-based incidence diminished from 3.0 to 2.1 cases (3.6 to 1.5 in this region) upon 100,000 people during 2009-2011. Congenital syphilis incidence in Russia as a whole diminished in 2009-2011 by 32.6% (40% in this region): population-based incidence diminished from 0.9 to 0.6 cases in 2009-2011.

Conclusions: All sexually transmitted infections ' morbidity was 1.6 higher in the region of Orenburg compared to all-Russian values. Continuing diminishment of incidence of certain sexually transmitted infections in this region was accompanied with steady growth of another sexually transmitted infections, making local epidemiologic situation with sexually transmitted infections morbidity rather equivocal.

Keywords. Morbidity indicators; sexually transmitted infections; epidemiologic situation; syphilis; epidemiologic trends in Orenburg region.

 

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