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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow 4 2016 (50) arrow PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH
PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH Print
Tuesday, 26 July 2016

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2016-50-4-5

Maksimov S.A., Tabakaev M.V., Artamonova G.V.
Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases, Kemerovo

Contacts: Mikhail V. Tabakaev, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract. Background. Professional employment is one of the most important social and economic components, indicating social status, access to resources of social protection, and to some extent level of material well-being of a person. Today, much attention is being paid to the analysis of direct relationships between professional employment and status of various aspects of public health, as well as estimation of the interconnecting mechanisms.

The purpose of this review was to estimate relationships between professional employment and cardiovascular health.

Methods. Sources for the scientific review were searched through the Russian Scientific Electronic Library (www.elibrary.ru) and Stanford University HighWire Press (www.home.highwire.org). Searching was conducted across all types of publications through their titles, annotations and keywords using employment and health as search requests. A total of 1139 sources were analyzed. Final selection of sources was made proceeding from relevance of the source topic to the issue under study. As a result, a total of 47 publications were included in the List of references (13 domestic and 34 foreign sources).

Results. Published data indicate different prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular risk factors across the social strata, differentiated according to the general level of social and economic well-being. The nature and orientation of these relationships may vary both over time and according to the level of development of the country (region). Professional employment, being one of the most important component of the individual social status can provide both direct and indirect impact (through a number of conventional risk factors) upon human health. At the same time, the leading causes of difference between the professional employed and unemployed include the following:

1) artificial and/or natural withdrawal of the sick and frail people from the labor process (the "healthy worker effect"); 2) more effective social adaptation of the working persons compared to nonworkers.

Conclusions

Professional employment is associated with better health, lower morbidity and mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular diseases. At the same time, the majority of researchers noted a modifying effect that age and sex, behavioral and other individual characteristics produce on intensity of those relationships.

. ; - ; - ; ; .

Keywords. Professional employment, cardiovascular health, socio-economic status, risk factors, healthy worker effect.

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