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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣2 2015 (42) arrow PROFILE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CONSUMERS OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
PROFILE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CONSUMERS OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES Print
Wednesday, 24 June 2015

Svetlichnaya T.G., Smirnova E.A., Mordovsky E.A.
Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk

Contacts: Elena Smirnova, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract. The article describes demographic, social and professional profile of mentally ill citizens. Vologda Region Psychiatric Treatment Centre No.1ö (Cherepovets) served as the study base.

The observation sample comprised 368 people including 38.4% inpatient and 61.6% outpatient patients. Generally, this distribution corresponds to the existing distribution of patients between the inpatient and outpatient sectors of the regional psychiatric service. The control group was represented by 399 mentally healthy people. A specially developed statistical ôMap to study social profile of the psychiatric care consumersö served as a tool for conducting the research, and was validated during the pilot study.

Results were entered into electronic database and statistically processed using program package SPSS ver. 17 and WinPEPI (calculation of 95% confidence intervals (CI) by Fisherĺs method). Pearsonĺs chi-squared test was used to identify correlations between qualitative variables. To define the constraint force, Cramerĺs V was used.

The study shows that mental health of a person is affected by a whole range of biological and social factors. However, only two characteristics out of all studied have a statistically significant correlation with mental health: status of the parental family and genetic background. Thus, 40.2% of mentally ill people were raised up in incomplete families (compared to 15% in the control group), 34.8% of mentally ill people had complicated genetic background (compared to 10.3% in the control group).

Taking into account a negative impact on mental health by incomplete parental family and complicated genetic background, children with complicated family history, children from incomplete families, raised by one parent or by other relatives as well as children deprived of parental custody should be attributed to the risk groups for developing mental disorders

The obtained information serves as a reliable source of relevant data to identify risk groups of mental disorders, and design focused measures to prevent their onset and development.

Key words: consumers of mental health services; profile characteristics; mental health

 

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