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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣4 2016 (50) arrow PROSPECTS FOR REDUCING MORTALITY IN MOSCOW IN VIEW OF DEMOGRAPHIC POLICIESĺ IMPLEMENTATION
PROSPECTS FOR REDUCING MORTALITY IN MOSCOW IN VIEW OF DEMOGRAPHIC POLICIESĺ IMPLEMENTATION Print
Tuesday, 26 July 2016

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2016-50-4-1

Ivanova A.E., Semenova V.G., Lopakov K.V., Mikhailov A.Yu.,Sabgayda T.P., Zemlyanova E.V., Zaporozhchenko V.G., Evdokushkina G.N.
Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Contacts: Alla E. Ivanova, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract

Implementation of the Concept of demographic development in Moscow was completed in 2015. The capital is currently facing the objective to develop a new Concept and Implementation plan until 2025, coordinated with the appropriate Federal documents.

The purpose of the study was to assess current mortality trends in the capital taking into account effect of the demographic policies and provide rational for proposals to the draft Concept of demographic policy in Moscow for 2016-2025.

Materials and methods: the analysis covers the entire age scale (0-14, 15-29, 30-44, 45-59, 60-74,75 and over) by major causes of death (diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms, injury and poisoning, diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of the digestive system, infections, and symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions) in comparison with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (ônew Europeö) and Western Europe (ôold Europeö).

Moscow reached levels of life expectancy, characteristic of countries of the Central and Eastern Europe (the average for the group), with comparable social and economic potential. Convergence of life expectancy in the capital and the ônew EUö is due to population over 45 years: in younger working-age groups Moscow is behind the ônew EUö. This loss was determined by all leading causes of death (by neoplasms least of all).

Based on the capitalĺs results in achieving decrease in mortality and problems identified that determine reserves for further loss reduction the purpose of the Demographic policy aimed at reducing mortality rates in Moscow is to reduce demographic, social and economic and human costs of social development.

Criteria for problem statement are determined by the following: achievability of current levels of life expectancy in the Western Europe (79.1 years for males and 84.2 years for females) by 2025; focus on reducing premature and avoidable deaths at ages 15-44 years; diversification of policies with due regard to social differentiation of the population and health-related problems.

The obtained results can be used to develop the Concept of demographic policy in Moscow until 2025.

Keywords: mortality; avoidable deaths; premature mortality; demographic policy; population health; life expectancy.

References

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  2. Ivanova A.E., Sabgayda T.P., Semenova V.G., Zaporozhchenko V.G., Zemlyanova E.V., Nikitina S.Yu. Faktory iskazheniya struktury prichin smerti trudosposobnogo naseleniya Rossii [Factors that distort the structure of causes of death in working population of Russia]. Sotsial'nye aspekty zdorov'ya naseleniya [serial online] 2013 [cited 20116 Apr 10]; 32 (4). Available from: http://vestnik.mednet.ru/content/view/491/30/lang,ru/ . (In Russian)
  3. Ivanova A.E., Semenova V.G., Zemlyanova E.V. Tendentsii i osobennosti smertnosti naseleniya Moskvy [Tendencies and features of mortality of Moscow population]. In: Demograficheskaya situatsiya v Moskve i tendentsii ee razvitiya [Demographic situation in Moscow and its development tendencies]. L.L. Rybakovskiy, editor . Moscow. 2006 . p. 78-172. (In Russian)
  4. Ivanova A.E., Zemlyanova E.V., Mikhaylov A.Yu., Golovenkin S.E. Razlichiya smertnosti vzroslogo naseleniya Rossii po urovnyu obrazovaniya [Differences in adult population mortality by the education level in Russia]. Zdravookhranenie Rossiyskoy Federatsii 2014; 55 (2): 4-8. (In Russian)
  5. O Kontseptsii demograficheskogo razvitiya goroda Moskvy [On the Concept of demographic development of Moscow-city]. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Moskvy ot 28 iyunya 2005 g. N 482-PP. [Online] [cited 2016 Jun 05]. Available from: http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/383472:0 . (In Russian)
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  7. Sabgayda T.P., Sekrieru E.M., Nikitina S.Yu. Neutochnennye prichiny smerti rossiyskogo naseleniya ot infektsionnykh i neinfektsionnykh zabolevaniy po dannym ofitsial'noy statistiki [Unspecified cases of deaths caused by communicable and non-communicable diseases in Russian population according to official statistics ]. Sotsial'nye aspekty zdorov'ya naseleniya [serial online] 2012 [cited 2016 Jun 05]; 26 (4). Available from: http://vestnik.mednet.ru/content/view/416/27/lang,ru/ . (In Russian)
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  9. Semenova V.G., Ivanova A.E., Dubrovina E.V. Smertnost' rossiyskoy molodezhi: dolgosrochnye trendy i sovremennye osobennosti [Mortality of the Russian youth: long-term trends and current features]. In: Rossiyskaya molodezh': problemy i resheni  [Russian youth: challenges and solutions]. Moscow: TsSP; 2005. P. 318-361. (In Russian)
  10. Semenova V.G., Okunev O.B., Antonyuk V.V., Evdokushkina G.N. Vozrastnye i nozologicheskie osobennosti smertnosti naseleniya Rossii na fone zapadnoevropeyskikh gosudarstv v 1990-2009 gg [Age and nosological features of Russian population mortality compared to Western European countries in 1990-2009]. Sotsial'nye aspekty zdorov'ya naseleniya [serial online] 2012 [cited 2016 Jun 05]; 26 (4). Available from: http://vestnik.mednet.ru/content/view/415/30/lang,ru/ . (In Russian)

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