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Thursday, 09 July 2015

A.B. Sukhoveeva
Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Birobidzhan

Contacts: Anna B. Sukhoveeva, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract. Deterioration of the population quality characteristics during the reform period was typical for all regions of Russia. However, the Far East Federal District faced the toughest situation in terms of health indicators despite younger age structure of its population.

The Jewish Autonomous Region reported the worst health indicators among all regions of Far East Federal District.

Changes in social and economic environment and public health in the region in the 1990s of the 20th century reflected similar situation mirroring the general situation in Russia, but with deeper negative trends in population health.

The purpose of this paper is to identify territorial and social and demographic characteristics of changes in lifestyle and quality of life and their impact on health in the Jewish Autonomous Region in 1990-2012.

Methods and data. Survey of population of municipalities of the Jewish Autonomous Region in 2009 and 2012 enabled to give some estimates of health status of the respondents. Sample included 343 people aged 35 to 87 in each year. This survey was based on direct self-assessment of life, social and economic characteristics, and characteristics related to health and lifestyle by respondents.

Conclusions. About 50% of respondents believe their health is źsatisfactory╗ regardless of type of locality and place of living. Population of the Jewish Autonomous Region has a similar structure of health-related self-assessment as the Russian one. The share of those satisfied with their health status is higher among the źinert╗ type respondents (25%) suggesting a behavior characteristic of such people who tend to present themselves in the most favorable light and not reflecting the actual situation related to their health. The study showed that regardless of locality type and self-assessment of health 43% of population believe that social and economic reforms of the 1990s had a negative impact on their health.

Scope of application. Materials and conclusions of this paper can be used to develop and implement regional and municipal programs on social and economic development.

Keywords: self-assessment of health; social and economic reforms; type of locality; types of adaptive behavior; the Jewish Autonomous Region.



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