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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow 2 2012 (24) arrow Registered incidence of addiction to inhalants and abuse of psychoactive means of non-narcotics nature in the Russian Federation through the period of 2000-2010
Registered incidence of addiction to inhalants and abuse of psychoactive means of non-narcotics nature in the Russian Federation through the period of 2000-2010 Print
Friday, 13 April 2012

M.A. Ivanova1, M.V. Vorobyov2
1
Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, Moscow
2Kuvayevy Memorial Municipal Hospital, town of Ivanovo, Ivanovo Region

Summary. Retrospective survey of addiction to inhalants and abuse of psychoactive means of non-narcotics nature in the Russian Federation through the period of 2000-2010 was performed. The highest prevalence of addiction to inhalants existed in the Sakhalin region. The prevalence of abuse of psychoactive means of non-narcotics nature with adverse post-effects was in the Russian Federation twice as large when compared to prevalence of addiction to inhalants, and it was 14.2 per 100,000 in 2010. This indicator became lower by 24.5% to the level of 2000. Most high indicators for this evil habit were in Karelia Republic, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Regions of Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Chelyabinsk, Yaroslavl, Leningrad, Magadan, Nizhny Novgorod, Kamchatka territory, and Chukotka autonomous district.

Incidence of addiction to inhalants in 2010 was in Russia as much as 0.63 per 100,000 being lower by 30.0% to the level of 2000. This indicator much differed along the constituent territories, being the highest in Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) reaching as much as 3.4 per 100,000, while the lowest indicator was in the Land of Stavropol and Belgorod Region where it reached 0.1 per 100,000. Thus, this indicator differed 34 times between the highest and lowest levels across Russia.

Statistically high level of incidence of the abuse of psychoactive means of non-narcotics nature were meant in the Russian Federation as above 10 per 100,000, and these levels were registered in 2010 in such constituent territories as Komi Republic, Regions of Chelyabinsk and Magadan. A survey of epidemiologic situation of addiction to inhalants showed that in the years of 2005-2007 the indicators for this evil habit turned to become stable, while the most high ones were registered in 2003, and not only for addiction to inhalants, but also for abuse of psychoactive means of non-narcotics nature with adverse post-effects.

Prognostic estimation for these two phenomena studied so far revealed a possible tendency towards further diminishing of the indicators of them. The estimation was conducted on the basis of registered access for medical aid, and also took into consideration certain growth of alternative means of intoxication, say, injection of narcotics tended to involve the population being in the school years.

Keywords. Morbidity, addiction to inhalants; psychoactive substances; incidence; prevalence; prognosis.

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