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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow №1 2013 (29) arrow Prevalence and social determinants of complaints of rheumatic character among adult population of the orenburg area
Prevalence and social determinants of complaints of rheumatic character among adult population of the orenburg area Print
Tuesday, 19 March 2013

D.N. Begun, E.L. Borshchuk
The Orenburg state medical academy, Orenburg

Summary. The purpose of work - to investigate prevalence of complaints of rheumatic character among adult population of the Orenburg area and to define their social determinants. Object of research - adult population of the Orenburg area. A method of reception of the information - questioning. 2960 questionnaires are included in development. The statistical analysis is lead by means of program Statistica 6.1. High prevalence of complaints is established. The general frequency has made 70,6±0,8 %; on presence of joint pains - 45,6±0,9 %; on presence of an edema of joints - 30,7±0,8 %; on presence be ill in a spine - 60,5±0,9 %. Differences in prevalence of complaints among city and agricultural population (prevalence at agricultural population), but with a smaller difference, than in results of similar researches are taped. Body height of frequency of complaints with augmentation of age is established, and even in age group till 20 years they met at third interrogated. Features of prevalence of complaints among socially-professional groups of the population are taped. So on the parameters standardized on age (pensioners and the students having maximal (93,1 %) are excluded from standardization and minimal (39,7 %) frequency of complaints) the greatest prevalence of complaints was determined at workers of an agriculture (79,8 %). Further there were employees, working, businessmen, military men, housewives, jobless (54,7 %). Authentic communication of all complaints with such production factors as long static loads, monotonous movements, physical efforts, rise of gravities, contact to chemical substances, influence of vibration, influence of electromagnetic radiation is received. Among social factors the augmentation of frequency of complaints was influenced with a hypodynamia, a bad conditions of life, intensity and the experience of smoking, imbalance of a delivery. Results of carried out research show extremely high prevalence of complaints of rheumatic character among adult population of the Orenburg area and deserve steadfast attention, first of all, organizers of public health services to the given problem. The established social factors bound to rheumatic complaints can help with formation of target groups of the population for revealing presence of rheumatic diseases or predisposition to them. Specification of prevalence of separate rheumatic diseases and carrying out of an estimation of adequacy of a medical care existing in the field of the organization is required to an existing problem.

Keywords. Health of adult population; prevalence; rheumatic diseases; complaints of rheumatic character; risk factors.

 

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Comments (1)
1. 28-03-2013 13:38
Статья затрагивает актуальный вопрос своевременной диагностики ревматических болезней, распространенность которых неуклонно растет, несмотря на автоматизацию и совершенствование технологических процессов в производственной сфере. Отмечу как важный аспект - выявление авторами особенностей распространенности жалоб ревматического характера не только от трудовой деятельности, но и от места жительства, бытовых условий, а также возраста респондентов. Для обработки данных применены современные статистические методы. Содержательные таблицы и рисунки помогают наглядно оценить результаты работы.
Written by Людмила ( This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it ) (Guest)

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