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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣4 2013 (32) arrow Incidence of viral hepatitis B and its transmission within the Ivanovo region in 2005-2012
Incidence of viral hepatitis B and its transmission within the Ivanovo region in 2005-2012 Print
Wednesday, 28 August 2013

M.A. Ivanova1, M.V. Vorobiev2
1Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow
2Ivanovo State Medical Academy

Summary. Analysis of the incidence dynamics of viral Hepatitis B in the Ivanovo region over the last eight years has identified a steady trend towards decreased rates till 2009 followed by a rise. Over the period under study the viral Hepatitis B incidence rate within the Ivanovo region decreased 4.6 times. However, with respect to the previous year a trend towards increase has been reported again with the incidence rate increasing 1.3 times. The majority of cases were parenteral transmission.

Objective of the study was to analyze epidemiological situation related to viral Hepatitis B and identify its major ways of transmission within the Ivanovo region.

Materials and methods included retrospective analysis of viral Hepatitis B cases detected during health encounters at health care facilities of the Ivanovo region.

Results and conclusions. Results of the study show that incidence in certain administrative districts of the region outnumber the average regional mortality rate. Sexually active ages are most vulnerable in terms of viral Hepatitis B infection. Parenteral infection with viral Hepatitis B in health care facilities is being reported annually. The majority of infected cases happened during dental visits.

Almost annually occupational infection of medical staff has been registered as well as infection of injecting drug users. In terms of social affiliation the highest rates have been registered among students of higher education institutions, colleges and vocational schools as well as medical care providers.

Almost every third viral Hepatitis B case was registered by narcological and dermatovenerological facilities.

The analysis results show that monitoring over transmission and development of safer methods of infection prevention are required to decrease the risk of viral Hepatitis B infection in healthcare facilities.

Keywords: incidence; viral Hepatitis B; infection; age; risk of infection.

References

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  2. Dolbik MS. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of chronic hepatitis D. In: Health and social aspects of HIV, parenteral viral hepatitis, and sexually transmitted infection. Proceedings of Republic Conference. Minsk; 2003. p. 73- 75 (in Russian).
  3. Krasabtsev EL, Kozik AN, Zaytseva OA. Pathology of upper gastro-intestinal tract in chronic virus hepatitis patients: In: Health and social aspects of HIV, parenteral viral hepatitis, and sexually transmitted infection. Proceedings of Republic Conference. ╠ŔÝ˝ŕ; 2003. p. 87-88 (in Russian).
  4. Ladnaya NN, Narsiya RS, Yurin OG. Post-exposure prevention of HIV-infection. Manual for health professionals. Moscow: Central Research Institute for epidemiology; 2009. 39 p. (in Russian).
  5. Navrotskiy AL. Health and social characteristics of STI and contemporary epidemiological situation in Republic of Belarus: In: Health and social aspects of HIV, parenteral viral hepatitis, and sexually transmitted infection. Proceedings of Republic Conference. Minsk; 2003. p. 11-13 (in Russian).
  6. Pokrovskiy VI, Pak SG, Briko NI, Danilkin BK. Viral hepatitis. Communicable diseases and epidemiology. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media; 2000. P. 177-188 (in Russian).
  7. Pokrovskiy VI, Cemina NA. Hospital infections: problems and solutions. Epidemiologiya i infektsionnye bolezni 2000;(5):12-14 (in Russian).

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