About this Journal Publication ethics Editorial Board Editorial Council Editorial Office For the Authors Contacts

News feeds

Journal in Databases


Google Scholar

Google Scholar

For authors' attention

Publication is free of charge

In aims to provide interconnection of publications in international scientific journals using Digital Object Identification - DOI, our editorial office incorporated the journal "Social aspects of population health" into international reference system CrossRef.

Since 2016 DOI will be assigned to all scientific articles published in our journal free of charge.

Also DOI will be assigned to all articles published in 2014 and 2015 free of charge as well
Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ¹1 2015 (41) arrow SOCIAL HYGIENE SPECIALISTS – WHO ARE THEY TODAY?
Wednesday, 15 April 2015

Siburina T.A.1, Miroshnikova Yu.V.2
Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics, Moscow
2Federal Bio-Medical Agency, Moscow

Abstract. Specialists in public health and healthcare organization constitute the core potential of the healthcare managerial personnel. Performance of the healthcare system as well as its susceptibility to technological improvement and workforce development is mainly dependable upon composition and skill level of such specialists.

The purpose of the study was to assess validity of changes made to the title of this medical specialty and scientific and educational subjects - "social hygiene and public health organization", and to analyze composition and develop a current statistical "portrait" of specialists in this field.

Methods and data. The article used historical data, legal documents and statistical analysis of composition of the public health and health care organization specialists. Although the specialty exists for more than one century and a half, it has, like no other, undergone through multiple changes in its title associated with its social orientation and political engagement.

Social hygiene and health care organization, being the basis for prevention in the Soviet Union, was given an indifferent name of "Public Health and Health Care Organization", while social hygiene as a science studying environmental impact on health, was merged with the state sanitary and epidemiological service. This consolidation significantly narrowed its field of research.

However, 6254 specialists are engaged in social hygiene and organization of sanitary and epidemiological service, 83.3% of them are placed at education institutions, research institutes, and government authorities.

The majority of health care managers works at health care facilities and only one in ten of them works at the government authorities, education institutions and research institutes. The number of health care managers and specialists of the sanitary and epidemiological service varies considerably across federal districts, by concentration in various fields, and by recognized parameters characterizing the level of qualification.

Keywords: nomenclature of specialists, social hygiene specialists, managers of sanitary and epidemiological service, public health and health care organization


  1. Astakhov A. Iskusstvo upravleniya informatsionnymi riskami [The art of information risks management]. DMK Press. GlobalTrus. Moscow. 2009. 312 p. (In Russian)
  1. Zabludovskiy P.E. Puti i etapy razvitiya obshchestvennoy meditsiny [Ways and stages of development of public medicine]. Sovetskoe zdravookhranenie 1968; (12): 60 – 66. (In Russian)
  1. Lisitsyn Yu.P. Obshchestvennoe zdorov'e i organizatsiya zdravookhraneniya kak nauka i predmet prepodavaniya [Public health and health care organization as a science and a subject for teaching]. [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://rpp.nashaucheba.ru/docs/index-7319.html . (In Russian)
  2. Lisitsyn Yu.P. Obshchestvennoe zdorov'e i zdravookhranenie: uchebnik. 2-e isd.[Public health and healthcare. A textbook. 2-nd ed.]. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media; 2010. 512 p. (In Russian)
  3. Pankratova L.A. Metodika i protsedury vnutrennego audita biznes-protsessa «proizvodstvo» v obespechenii razvitiya organizatsii [Methods and procedures of internal audit of the business process "production" in the development of the organization]. Auditor 2012; (11). (In Russian)
  4. Portugalov V. Voprosy obshchestvennoy gigieny [Issues of public hygiene]. St. Petersburg. Tipografiya A. Morigerovskogo; 1873. 625 p. (In Russian)
  5. «O nomenklature spetsial'nostey i dolzhnostey v sisteme Gosudarstvennoy sanitarno-epidemiologicheskoy sluzhby RF» [On the nomenclature of specialties and positions in the System of state sanitary and epidemiological service of the RF]. Prikaz Gosudarstvennogo komiteta sanitarno-epidemiologicheskogo nadzora RF ot 26 iyunya 1996 g. ¹99. [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://www.worklib.ru/laws/ml03/pages/10005630.php . (In Russian)
  6. "O nomenklature spetsial'nostey v uchrezhdeniyakh zdravookhraneniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii (vmeste s "Perechnem sootvetstviya vrachebnykh i provizorskikh spetsial'nostey dolzhnostyam spetsialistov "). [On the nomenclature of specialties in health care facilities of the Russian Federation (together with “The list of relevance of medical and pharmacist specialties to positions of specialists”)]. Prikaz MZ RF ot 27.08.99 ¹337 [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://www.zakonprost.ru/content/base/13570. (In Russian)
  7. «O vnesenii izmeneniy v prikaz Minzdrava Rossii ot 27.08.99 N 337 "O nomenklature spetsial'nostey v uchrezhdeniyakh zdravookhraneniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii" [“On amendments to the Regulation of MoH of the RF of 27.08.99 N 337 “On the nomenclature of specialties in health care facilities of the Russian Federation”]. Prikaz MZ RF ot 26 maya 2003 g. N 219. [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. URL: http://www.webapteka.ru/phdocs/doc4815.html . (In Russian)
  8. "Ob utverzhdenii kvalifikatsionnykh trebovaniy k spetsialistam s vysshim i poslevuzovskim meditsinskim i farmatsevticheskim obrazovaniem v sfere zdravookhraneniya" [On approving the qualification requirements to specialists with higher and postgraduate medical and pharmaceutical education in health care]. Prikaz Ministerstva zdravookhraneniya i sotsial'nogo razvitiya RF ot 7 iyulya 2009 g. N 415n. S izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami ot 26 dekabrya 2011. [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://base.garant.ru/12168285/. (In Russian)
  9. "Ob utverzhdenii Edinogo kvalifikatsionnogo spravochnika dolzhnostey rukovoditeley, spetsialistov i sluzhashchikh, razdel "Kvalifikatsionnye kharakteristiki dolzhnostey rabotnikov v sfere zdravookhraneniya" [“On approving the Unified qualification reference book of positions of managers, specialists and employers. Part “Qualification characteristics of positions of health care workers]. Prikaz Minzdravsotsrazvitiya RF ot 23.07.2010 N 541n. [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://www.rg.ru/2010/09/27/spravochnik-dok.html . (In Russian)
  10. "Ob utverzhdenii Nomenklatury dolzhnostey meditsinskogo i farmatsevticheskogo personala i spetsialistov s vysshim i srednim professional'nym obrazovaniem uchrezhdeniy zdravookhraneniya" [On approving the nomenclature of posiiotns for medical and pharmateutical personel and specialists with higher and secondsary special education of health care facilities]. Prikaz Minzdravsotsrazvitiya Rossii ot 25 iyulya 2011 g. N 801n [Online ] [cited 2014 May 16] . Available from: http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/14/nomenklatura-dok.html (In Russian)
  11. Primakov E. 2013: tyazhelye problemy Rossii. Pochemu segodnya nel'zya soglasit'sya s politikoy neoliberalov. [2013: severe problems in Russia. Why it is impossible to agree with the policy of neo-liberals today] RG.RU. Rossiyskaya gazeta. 2014. 01. [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://forum.polismi.org/index. (In Russian)
  12. Rimashevskaya N.M. Chelovek i reformy: sekrety vyzhivaniya [A person and reforms: secrets of survival]. Moscow: RITs ISEPN; 2003. 392 p. (In Russian)
  13. Rukovodstvo po sotsial'noy gigiene i organizatsii zdravookhraneniya [Guideline on social hygiene and health care organization]. N.A.Vinogradov, editor. 3-d ed. revised. Moscow: Meditsina. 1974. V.1. P. 31. (In Russian)
  14. Rukovodstvo po sotsial'noy gigiene i organizatsii zdravookhraneniya [Guideline on social hygiene and health care organization]. In 2 volumes. Yu.P. Lisitsyn, editor. Moscow: Meditsina. 1987. (In Russian)
  15. Sotsial'naya gigiena i organizatsiya zdravookhraneniya. [Social hygiene and health care organization]. A.F.Serenko, V.V.Ermakov, editors. Moscow: Meditsina; 1977. P. 8. (In Russian)
  16. Ctatisticheskaya forma ¹17: «Svedeniya o meditsinskikh i farmatsevticheskikh kadrakh» [Statistical form ¹17:”Data on medical and pharmaceutical human health resourses]. Postanovleniya Goskomstata RF ot 23.05.2002 ¹124 i ot 03.09.2002 ¹173) [Online] [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from: http://www.pravcons.ru/obrazets_documents/goskomstat_rf/s1_document_315.php (In Russian)

Views: 10510

Be first to comment this article

Write Comment
  • Please keep the topic of messages relevant to the subject of the article.
  • Personal verbal attacks will be deleted.
  • Please don't use comments to plug your web site. Such material will be removed.
  • Just ensure to *Refresh* your browser for a new security code to be displayed prior to clicking on the 'Send' button.
  • Keep in mind that the above process only applies if you simply entered the wrong security code.

Code:* Code

Last Updated ( Thursday, 23 April 2015 )
Next >
home contact search contact search