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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣1 2015 (41) arrow SMOKING: MECHANISMS OF PATHOLOGICAL impact AND EFFECTS OF SMOKING CESSATION (REVIEW)
Wednesday, 15 April 2015

Kobyakova O.S. 1, Deev I.A.1, Kulikov E.S.1, Starovoitova E.A.1, Kirillova N.A.1, Boikov V.A.1,2, Fedosenko S.V.1, Selivanova N.V.3
1 Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk
2Department of Health of the Tomsk region, Tomsk
3Zyryansky district Hospital, Tomsk region

Abstract. Smoking as a leading risk factor for chronic non-communicable diseases associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality remains a challenge to the modern healthcare.

Despite thoroughly studied mechanisms of pathological impacts of cigarette smoke and its consequences, tobacco dependence treatment is one of the major objectives of preventive medicine.

Demonstrating consequences of tobacco smoke exposure to healthy smokers including: decreased pulmonary function including increased "lung age" may reinforce motivational counseling and increase effects of behavioral techniques for smoking cessation.

Spirometry provides for early diagnosis of chronic obstructive lung disease. Therefore, pulmonary function test should be used for examining smokers to detect early signs of diseases, and, in combination with other methods, to effectively motivate smokers during smoking cessation counseling.

Keywords: smoking; smoking cessation motivation; lung function in smoking; smoking cessation.



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