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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow 5 2015 (45) arrow EFFICACY OF MEDICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES IMPLEMENTED AT HEALTH RESORTS FOR PEOPLE EXPOSED TO EXTREME STRESS
EFFICACY OF MEDICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES IMPLEMENTED AT HEALTH RESORTS FOR PEOPLE EXPOSED TO EXTREME STRESS Print
Tuesday, 20 October 2015

Stepanyan A.Zh.
Institute of Postgraduate Professional Training under A.I. Burnazyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center, Moscow

Contacts: Alexan Stepanyan, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract. Significance.

Various factors of social and economic development of the modern Russia and some neighboring countries in the last decade of the XX century have led to certain social conflicts, where significant numbers of people in different regions are being exposed to extreme stress. First of all, it refers to the Russian-speaking population who used to reside in areas of local military conflicts in the Caucasus.

Of course, getting a Russian refugee status reduces the intensity of exposure to stress for those people, but not totally excluding their negative impact, because refugees face complicated issues of getting a permanent employment and settling down.

The purpose of the work was to evaluate efficacy of medical and psychological and preventive measures implemented at health resorts for people exposed to extreme stress.

Results. The number of patients under observation totaled to 920. The study focused on such mechanisms of psychological defense as intellectualization, anticipation, activity and participation to develop techniques of psychological adaptation to the adverse psychosocial factors for people exposed to extreme stress.

All of the above mechanisms of psychological defense helped to develop improving perceptions in migrants under study.

In particular, intellectualization implied that the patient developed an ability to cope with emotional conflicts and internal or external stressors through encouraged abstract thinking and generalizations to control anxiety.

The study used a number of indicators to assess efficacy of psychotherapy and other therapeutic measures aimed at developing a stereotype pattern of a strong negative personal attitude towards socially induced bad habits (alcoholism, drug addiction, substance abuse).

Conclusion. Implementation of the suggested by the study modern psychotherapy and other therapeutic measures at the outpatient level of care delivery to people exposed to extreme stress caused by social or technological disasters, helped to break addiction to socially induced bad habits (alcoholism, drug addiction, substance abuse) in 174 patients, accounting for 28.0% of the total number of observations.

Keywords: efficiency of measures; migrants; adverse factors; extreme stressful conditions; health resort, psychoprophylaxis.

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