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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow 1 2016 (47) arrow BURNOUT IN DOCTORS AND MEDICAL ERRORS. IS THERE A CONNECTION?
BURNOUT IN DOCTORS AND MEDICAL ERRORS. IS THERE A CONNECTION? Print
Tuesday, 15 March 2016
Kobyakova O.S., Deev I.A., Kulikov E.S., Pimenov I.D., Khomyakov K.V.
Siberian State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Contacts: Kulikov Evgeny S, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Abstract: Psycho-emotional resistance is an essential quality for successful physician, as the daily work of health professionals leads to overload and rapid physiological and mental exhaustion.

Burnout syndrome among physicians: According to the definition by Christina Maslach emotional burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished personal accomplishment that may arise among professionals involved in different kinds of "caring" professions. All doctors to some extent are subject to burnout, especially those caring for cancer patients, immunocompromised patients and intensive care employees. Data on prevalence and severity of burnout among physicians in Europe, Asia and North America are presented.

Factors associated with burnout: According to international study results, factors forming emotional burnout, include the following: psychological environment at workplace, responsibility for performance results, long work shifts, age (especially for physicians aged 20 to 40 years), intense perception of professional duties.

Connection between burnout and medical errors: Studies conducted by foreign experts, allow us to determine a direct relationship between burnout and medical errors among physicians, surgeons, anesthesiologists and interns of various specialties.

Overcoming and preventing burnout: Primary prevention of burnout includes proper organization of labor, skill training to cope with stress, relaxation techniques, and application of rational psychotherapy, Balint group psychotherapy sessions and other techniques.

Conclusion: Thus, the burnout syndrome is a companion of a large group of "caring" professions associated with various external and internal factors, and frequency of professional errors committed by health care providers. In this context, besides the fact that the problem of burnout is directly related to quality of life of health care providers, it has also a direct impact on quality of medical care.

Keywords: burnout, medical errors, depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, diminished personal accomplishment.

 

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