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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣6 2017 (58) arrow STUDYING ADHERENCE OF PARENTS TO IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN ATTENDING KINDERGARTENS AND SCHOOLS
STUDYING ADHERENCE OF PARENTS TO IMMUNIZATION OF CHILDREN ATTENDING KINDERGARTENS AND SCHOOLS Print
Monday, 25 December 2017

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2017-58-6-5

Moskvicheva M.G., Popov E.A., Zlakomanova O.N.
South Ural State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk

Contacts: Popov Yevgeniy, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Information about authors:
Moskvicheva M.G., http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5009-8120
Popov E.A., http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1624-3878
Zlakomanova O.N., https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6554-6248
Acknowledgments. The study had no sponsorship.
Conflicts of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Abstract

This article presents results of the adult questionnaire on adherence to immunization of children. A number of barriers to immunization have been identified.

Significance. High level of social, epidemiological and economic importance of infectious diseases makes them the most significant characteristic of health and sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population. Despite the ongoing preventive immunization, new cases of infectious diseases and associated mortality are still being registered, including among children, therefore, the epidemiological situation requires constant analysis and incidence control, including through immunization in line with the National Immunization Schedule.

At present, one of the factors reducing pediatric immunization coverage, and, therefore, effectiveness of preventive immunization, is trend towards increased numbers of refusals from immunizing children due to publications in mass media and appearance of people on TV who are strongly against immunization. .

In a megalopolis, with marked migration processes and high population density, the risk of epidemic outbreaks of infectious diseases is extremely high, which only stresses out significance of the problem to improve parental adherence to immunization and reduce refusals from preventive immunization of children.

Purpose. To analyze results of the questionnaire survey of parents whose children attend kindergartens and schools in the city of Chelyabinsk.

Materials and methods. A survey of respondents selected by a blind continuous sampling was conducted. A total of 934 people took part in the survey - parents (legal representatives) of children visiting the Children's polyclinic in the city of Chelyabinsk. Statistical data analysis was carried out using SPSS 19.0.

Results. The parental survey identified a number of trends in the development of adherence to preventive immunization. Younger respondents are less aware of the importance to immunize their children. Women turned out to be least supportive to immunization out of all respondents.

Respondents with higher education are more loyal to immunization, have a better understanding of the need for their children to be immunized and a better apprehension of immunization as a means to prevent infectious diseases.

Conclusion. Directions to improve immunization of children have been identified, including: working with target groups of parents to raise their awareness of the need for immunization, strengthening the status and gravitas of doctors as a reliable source of information on immunization.

Keywords: preventive immunization; refusal from immunization; adherence to immunization; questionnaire survey.

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