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Friday, 11 May 2018

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2018-60-2-10

Vartanian E.A., Gridnev O.V., Pesennikova E.V., Kuchits S.S.
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Contacts: Vartanian Elen Araevna, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Information about authors:
Vartanian E.A., http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0581-5159
Gridnev O.V., http://orcid.org/000-0002-9096-9223
Pesennikova E.V., http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6023-7734
Kuchits S.S., http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5192-8480
Acknowledgments. The study was supported by the Russian Federal Medical and Biological Agency.
Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Significance. Protecting and promoting health of women and their future children have always been and remain an important objective of the social policy in our country. This is conditioned by the role played by a woman and a mother, combining her motherhood with active participation in economics. Nearly 82.0% of women of working age are employed in economics. That is why the state of their health and working ability largely affect implementation of goals of the socio-economic development. Furthermore, one canĺt ignore influence of health status of the mother and her behavioral patterns on pediatric health indicators, and ultimately on population health in general.

Since health of individuum is formed in the childhood, the better the indicators of pediatric health, the more favorable is adult health. In this regard, it is necessary to have reliable information about health status of women and children in the dynamics, prognosis of main health indicators, value and nature of various factors affecting population health.

Purpose: to conduct medical and social analysis of characteristics of living conditions of women diagnosed with recurrent miscarriage.

Methods. The study used the following methods: analysis of lessons learned, monographic descriptions, analytical, statistical, expert evaluation methods, economic and comparative analysis.

Results. Among the factors that determine a healthy lifestyle, women indicated the following ones: absence of bad habits, personal hygiene, compliance with work and rest regime, and optimal level of activity. However, despite the generally correct assessment of factors that constitute a healthy lifestyle, there are certain discrepancies between the declared values for health maintenance and the actual ones that exist in everyday life.

In general, only 18.0% of the respondents do not associate their health status with their lifestyle. Among the reasons that prevent women from following the rules of a healthy lifestyle to maintain and improve their health, most of them indicated lack of time (55.4%), atmost every second woman (42.6%) considers disorganization and laziness as an obstacle, 13.2% of women indicated absence of likeľminded people, and 12.4% of women - insufficient financial situation (per 100 respondents).

Conclusions. As to economic status of women diagnosed with miscarriage, it was found out that currently they could be divided into the following groups:

  1. Poor, i.e. having minimal means sufficient just for life support.
  2. Low-income i.e. having means to cover only everyday living costs.
  3. Wealthy i.e. having enough financial means for upgrading durables, and improving living conditions at their own expense or mortgage.

The study showed that 29.4% of the respondents were attributed to the poor, 48.6% - to the low-income and 22.0% - the wealthy group.

Keywords: woman; working-age; miscarriage, lifestyle, socio-hygienic characteristics, living conditions, complex appraisal.


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