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IMPACT OF MIGRATION FACTOR ON TB AND HIV EPIDEMIC SITUATION IN RUSSIA Print
Wednesday, 15 August 2018

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2018-62-4-4

1╠ikhaylova YU.V., 1,2Nechaeva O.B., 1,2Shikina I.B., 1,3Sorokin V.N.
1
Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow
2
Central State Medical Academy of the Russian Presidential Administration, Moscow
3
Central Dental Clinic of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation", Moscow

Contact information: Shikina Irina, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Information about authors:
Mikhaylova Yu.V.,
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6779-726X
Nechaeva O.B., http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9651-2662
Shikina I.┬., http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1744-9528
Sorokin V.N., http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4581-4318
Acknowledgments. The study had no sponsorship.
Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interests.

Abstract

Russia is one of the countries experiencing a substantial influence of migration on the population development. Within the context of positive migration effects such as demographic, labour and economic, one canĺt underestimate its health risks to population. To estimate migration impact on the TB and HIV epidemic situation in Russia, the authors have analyzed legislative and normative basis determining organization of diagnostics, treatment and statistical registration of TB and HIV cases in migrants (foreign citizens) as well as official statistics (forms #33 and #8 on TB and #4 and #61 on HIV testing and HIV patients contingents).

The study showed that foreign citizens do not significantly affect the TB and HIV epidemic situation in Russia. In 2017 the share of foreign migrants among newly detected TB cases equaled to 3.5% (3.8% in 2015 and 3.6% in 2016).

The similar situation is with newly detected HIV cases among foreign migrants (4,672 cases in 2015, 3,285 in 2016, and 3,160 in 2017).

Among newly detected TB and HIV cases in migrants the share of Ukraine citizens increases while the share of representatives of other NIS countries reduces.

Information about migrantsĺ health status including socially sound infections (TB and HIV) requires verification because on one hand there could be repeated medical examinations due to change of place of residence or place of work, on the other hand ľ underestimation of actual number of disease cases in illegal migrants.

In this respect it is appropriate to develop a unified automated monitoring system ôMigrantsĺ healthö. Cooperation across boundaries between medical and social services of Russia and the NIS/EU countries requires legislative regulation to treat active TB prior to the migrantĺs entrance to the country to ensure safety of the population.

Keywords : external migration; epidemic situation; tuberculosis; HIV-infection.

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