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HEALTH OF YOUTH AS A OBJECT OF SOCIAL POLICY Print
Wednesday, 15 August 2018

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2018-62-4-8

Zhuravleva I.V., Lakomova N.V.
Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Contacts: Zhuravleva Irina, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Information about authors:
Zhuravleva I.V., https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7758-3940
Acknowledgments. The study had no sponsorship.
Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Abstract

Relevance. Youth as a promising age group of the population represents an important potential for social development, and an important object of social policy in the field of health. But the number of age groups of young people is constantly decreasing, and the incidence is increasing. The maximum growth rates are typical for the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and in adolescents - for obesity and diabetes. In general, the health indicators of young people cause concern and require the adoption of adequate measures.

The goal is to find out whether the social policy in the sphere of health really influences the changing attitude of young people towards health.

Methods. The method of analyzing legal and statistical documents is used, as well as secondary analysis of sociological data.

Results. The state policy in the social sphere is expressed in the adopted laws, ensuring their financing and in the practical implementation of laws and regulations. At present, public health issues are regulated by more than 40 federal laws. But most of them concern the problems of sick people and their treatment, while the health of healthy people and prevention issues are not the subject of serious consideration. In Russia, for half a century there is no ideology of health. This is expressed in the nature of the legal aspects of social policy in the sphere of health, in the insufficient funding of spheres of life relevant to the health of the population (this is, apart from health, work, physical culture and sports, leisure, education). The final stage of social policy is the implementation of the adopted resolutions - in the case of implementation, it leads to significant positive changes. This is evidenced by the results of the study "Student Health".

Conclusions. As a result of implementing a positive social policy in the field of health aimed at promoting healthy lifestyles, creating conditions for its implementation, the formation of appropriate social norms: 1) the nature of the attitude of young people to their own health changes - for the first time so many respondents (40% of boys and 28% of the girls), the main motive of health care was called "the desire to be stronger and healthier" than "deteriorating health", as before; 2) the quality of health of young people (on self-assessment) in the cities where the health promotion is promoted is increasing, as a result of the increasing importance of the health care factor "the efforts of the person himself" and the strengthening of the motive "the desire to be stronger and healthier".

Keywords: health of youth; social policy; healthy way of life; attitude towards health.

References

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