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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow 1 2011 (17) arrow Public opinion concerning measures of the demographic policy aimed at health promotion and decrease in mortality
Public opinion concerning measures of the demographic policy aimed at health promotion and decrease in mortality Print
Monday, 28 February 2011

Ivanova A.E.1, Fedotkina S.A.2, Yakovleva T.V.3

1 - Federal Public Health Institute, Moscow
2 - Krasnoyarsk state commercial and economic institute, Krasnoyarsk
3 - The Russian State Medical University, Moscow

The goal of the work is to study the information awareness of youth people about the measures of demographic policy in the field of mortality decrease, which are realizing in Russia now, as well as to study their relation to the additional measures which are to be realized till 2015.

The study was carried out using the materials of a selective sociological interrogation of young people in the ages of 18 till 35 ; the interrogation was carried out by the Center of social forecasting in 18 subjects of the Russian Federation which cover all federal districts. To provide a study a sample comprising 1000 persons was used, it reflected social and demographic characteristics of the youth in Russia (gender , age, marriage state , educational level, residence).

The lowest level of knowledge about realized measures has been revealed (from 55% up to 80 % young people are not informed about separate measures). Working persons with higher education are more informed, but distinctions between groups by educational level do not have a basic character.

At assessing the additional measures, it was revealed that respondents consider that the measures for improving health care service are the most important for health promotion and mortality decrease. The disease prevention measures and health promotion were considered as less important. These results indicate that the population is still holding to a traditional view that public health services ( exactly, medical care ) are the only responsible for population health . Such a view has a negative impact on self-saving behavior of the youth.

A significant social differentiation in assessment of additional measures of the demographic policy is marked .This differentiation is shown as distinctions by education; with that, respondents with higher education and postgraduate education assess almost all measures offered as less significant from the point of view of their influence on health promotion and mortality decrease. At the basis of distinctions by education, respondents differentiation by a character of employment lays. Maximum high assessments of almost all measures were given by persons who have never been employed always working in their house (traditional house keepers), or working at their personal farms , i.e. respondents, as a rule, having a secondary education. Minimal assessment was given by students of higher educational schools, that was largely caused by their age extremism, but also businessmen, whose judgments were based on financial and economic criteria, as a general.

Key words: public opinion, measures for mortality decrease, demographic policy, information awareness.


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