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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣3 2014 (37) arrow Setting priorities for noncommunicable disease prevention at the regional level (based on survey conducted at primary health care facilities)
Setting priorities for noncommunicable disease prevention at the regional level (based on survey conducted at primary health care facilities) Print
Tuesday, 15 July 2014

V.I. Seryogin
I.P. Pavlov State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Ryazan

Abstract. The aim of the study is to estimate prevalence of behavioural risk factors for development of noncommunicable diseases in adults constituting the catchment area of adult polyclinics in Ryazan with the aim of setting priorities for prevention.

Methods and data. The study used the specially designed questionnaire in line with the methodological guidelines. Sample of 1844 respondents is representative in terms of demographic characteristics (gender, age and catchment area of a particular polyclinic).

Results. Average prevalence of tobacco smoking among respondents was 29.0% including 58.1% in males and 15.0% in females. The majority of smokers were characterized by high addiction to nicotine with 29.0% of female respondents and 43.7% of male respondents being not motivated to stop smoking.

Analysis of daily consumption of fruit and vegetables showed that nutrition patterns remain mostly irrational: only 12.8% of respondents mentioned sufficient daily consumption of fruit and vegetables; 87.4% of women and 86.79% of men reported insufficient daily intake of fruit and vegetables.

Body weight is the cumulative indicator of adequate nutrition and physical activity: 57.3% of males and 62.6% of females need medical consultation for overweight or obesity.

The study also revealed that 11.15% of females and 8.5% of males spend less than 20 minutes per day walking. A special emphasis should be placed on the fact that physical activity reduces with age regardless of gender ľ respondent over 30 years lack physical activity and mainly stick to a sedentary lifestyle.

Conclusions. The study showed that the following priorities for prevention should be introduced into routine practice of primary health care facilities at the regional level: focus on population under 30 years with due regard to age and sex peculiarities of risk factors; public awareness about medical care aimed at modifying lifestyle and motivating for healthy lifestyle as well as development of responsible attitude to health and universal preventive environment within the entire region.

Keywords. Disease prevalence; noncommunicable diseases; factors related to lifestyle; prevention of noncommunicable diseases in primary health care.

References

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Comments (1)
1. 29-10-2015 14:29
this is a very interested study with good findings regard to priority population and interventions.
Written by Ruitai Shao ( This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it ) (Guest)

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