About this Journal Publication ethics Editorial Board Editorial Council Editorial Office For the Authors Contacts
English

News feeds

Journal in Databases

eLIBRARY.RU - ÍÀÓ×ÍÀß ÝËÅÊÒÐÎÍÍÀß ÁÈÁËÈÎÒÅÊÀ

Google Scholar

Google Scholar

For authors' attention

Publication is free of charge

In aims to provide interconnection of publications in international scientific journals using Digital Object Identification - DOI, our editorial office incorporated the journal "Social aspects of population health" into international reference system CrossRef.

Since 2016 DOI will be assigned to all scientific articles published in our journal free of charge.

Also DOI will be assigned to all articles published in 2014 and 2015 free of charge as well
Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ¹3 2014 (37) arrow Increased drug addiction among children, adolescents and the young in Russia
Increased drug addiction among children, adolescents and the young in Russia Print
Tuesday, 15 July 2014

Ju.V. Mikhaylova1, A.Yu. Abramov2, I.S. Tsybulskaya1, I.B. Shikina1, N.I. Khaliullin3, E.R. Nizamova1
1 Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow
2People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow
3 Bagrationovskaya central regional hospital, Kaliningrad.

Summary. In recent years the mass use of psychoactive substances and associated mental and behavioral disorders coupled with the widespread of blood-borne infections has been stirring the public alarm.

The aim of the study is to evaluate current situation with drug addiction among children, adolescents and the youth in the Russian Federation.

Objectives of the study: to determine peculiarities and consequences of the use of psychoactive substances with a breakdown on age and place of residence using official statistics and scientific literature analysis.

Methods and data. Mathematical processing and analytical assessment of official statistics – Information on narcotic disorders (Form#11) in Russia, Moscow and Federal Districts of the Russian Federation in 2012 and selected data for 1993 and 2008.

Results. The number of users of psychoactive substances in Russia among 10-14 years old was 217.1 per 100,000 of population of corresponding age (277 in urban and 84.4 in rural areas) with a sharp increase in the number of users among 15-17 years old (by 8.9 times in urban and by 10.3 times in rural areas). Among all users of psychoactive substances the number of males is 4.9 times higher than females. In 2012, the share of alcohol users added up to 80.7% out of all users of psychoactive substances, narcotic drugs – 18.3% and toxic substances – 1.0%. Rural dwellers develop addiction and harmful consequences of abuse faster compared to urban dwellers: transition from the primary to medium stage or from medium to final stage of alcohol abuse occurs 2-3 times more often, drug abuse among 15-17 years old takes place 3.3 times more often and toxic substances abuse –2.6 times more often.

Share of harmful consequences associated with the use of psychoactive substances is higher in rural areas compared to urban settings in all ages. Rural females suffer from chronic alcohol abuse by 10.2% more often.

On average, in a megalopolis (in Moscow) harmful consequences of alcohol and drug abuse (including heroine) in children and adolescents are more clearly manifested compared to all other Russian cities. In Moscow the number of HIV-infection and hepatitis is relatively higher among adolescents. Annual dynamics of alcohol use with harmful consequences in women, children and adolescents increase by higher rates.

Conclusions. Scales and rates of initiation of consumption and use of psychoactive substances in women, children and the youth lead to reduced ontogenetic adaptation and personal social degradation threatening national security of the country.

Keywords: Drug addiction among the youth; psychoactive substances; harmful consequences of use of psychoactive substances.

 

References

  1. Analysis of children’s status in the Russian Federation: on the way to a society of equal opportunities. Joint report of Independent Institute of Social Policy and UN Children’s Fund (UNISEF). Moscow. 2011. 272 p. (In Russia).
  2. Baranov A.A., Shcheplyagina L.A., Il'in A.G., Kuchma V.R. Children’ health as a factor of national security. Rossiyskiy pediatricheskiy zhurnal 2005; (2): 4-8. (In Russia).
  3. Influence of drug abuse on socioeconomic development of society. Starodubov V.I., Tatarkin A.I., editors. Moscow-Yekaterinburg. 2006. 380 ñ. (In Russia).
  4. Dmitrieva N.V., Cherkasova E.M. The causes and consequences of child maltreatment in a family. In: “Children in emergency situations”, the First International Forum, [thesis]. Moscow. 2003. P. 34-35. (In Russia).
  5. Zabryanskiy G.I. Juvenile criminology (sociology of crime). Moscow: Russian Academy of Advocacy and Notary; 2013. 352 p. (In Russia).
  6. Zaporozhchenko V.G. Heroin: a historical review. Profilaktika zabolevaniy i ukreplenie zdorov'ya 2000; 3(6): 31-36. (In Russia).
  7. Koptsova O.V. Mental disorders as one of leading causes of children’s disability in contemporary Russia. Cand.Med.Sci [thesis]. Moscow. 2009. 24 p. (In Russia).
  8. Kuz'mina V.A. Prevention of drug consumption, drug abuse, and HIV/AIDS in adolescents and students. In: “Children in emergency situations”, the First International Forum, [thesis]. Moscow. 2003. P. 72-74. (In Russia).
  9. Moskovina N.N. Creation of preventive and rehabilitation space as a way to help children in difficult situations. In: “Children in emergency situations”, the First International Forum, [thesis]. Moscow. 2003. P. 92-93. (In Russia).
  10. Malkina-Pykh I.G. Crises of adolescence. Moscow: Eksmo Publisher; 2004. 384 p. (In Russia).
  11. Nikolaeva E.I. Creation of conditions for improving children’s psychological stability to extreme stress. In: “Children in emergency situations”, the First International Forum, [thesis]. Moscow. 2003. P. 99-100. (In Russia).
  12. The health care policy and reduction of mortality in Russia. In: “Development of human potential in Russia from the view of population health”. Starodubov V.I., Ivanova A.E., editors. Ì., 2012. P. 326-344. (In Russia).
  13. Recommendations on healthy lifestyle of children and adolescents. Methodic manual for pediatrics and GP. Moscow. 2006. 105 p. (In Russia).
  14. Rimashevskaya N.M. Children and the youth are the future of Russia. Narodonaselenie 2004; 26 (4): 4-14. (In Russia).
  15. Young people of Russia. Problems and solutions. Moscow: Social Forecasting Center; 2005. 648 p. (In Russia).
  16. Starodubov V.I., Kiselev A.S., Boyko Yu.P. Dynamics of sociopath in the present day Russia. Moscow. 2001.68 p. (In Russia).
  17. Frantseva V.O. Reasons and factors providing an impact on formation of deviant behavior in children of various ages. Stavropol. 2010. 166 p. (In Russia).
  18. Tsybul'skaya I.S. Health and social problems in formation of deviant and illegal behavior of juveniles in contemporary Russia. In: Intersectoral partnership for solution of health social and legal problems of the youth. Moscow: Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the MoH of the RF. 2009. P. 13-23. (In Russia).
  19. Tsybul'skaya I.S. Health and social aspects of the formation of children’s health. Tomsk: Veter; 2012. 479 ñ. (In Russia).
  20. Tsybul'skaya I.S., Bakhadova E.V. Sterlikov S.A., et al. Health, biological and social adaptation of children population in current conditions (norms and deviations). Moscow. 2006. 51 p. (In Russia).
  21. Tsybul'skaya I.S., Bakhadova E.V., Tsybul'skiy V.B., et al. Categories of development and quality of children’ life. Stavropol: Stavropol State Medical Institute; 2014. 340 p. (In Russia).
  22. Tsymbal E.I. Improvement of legal regulation of the information on children in emergency situations. In: “Children in emergency situations”, the First International Forum, [thesis]. Moscow. 2003. P. 125-126. (In Russia).
  23. Shevchenko V.G. National security of Russia in XXI century. Moscow: GOU VPO MGUL; 2005. (In Russia).
  24. Ban Ki-moon. United Nations Secretary General. Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health. New York. 2010. 22 p.

Views: 12507

Be first to comment this article

Write Comment
  • Please keep the topic of messages relevant to the subject of the article.
  • Personal verbal attacks will be deleted.
  • Please don't use comments to plug your web site. Such material will be removed.
  • Just ensure to *Refresh* your browser for a new security code to be displayed prior to clicking on the 'Send' button.
  • Keep in mind that the above process only applies if you simply entered the wrong security code.
Name:
E-mail
Comment:

Code:* Code

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 23 July 2014 )
< Prev   Next >
home contact search contact search