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Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣5 2014 (39) arrow Role of negative environmental factors in development of deviant behavior in chidren. prevention and countermeasures
Role of negative environmental factors in development of deviant behavior in chidren. prevention and countermeasures Print
Wednesday, 26 November 2014

Tsybulskaja I.S., Bakhadova E.V.
Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Abstract. Social and economic perturbations and attributable increase in the number of dysfunctional and sociopathic families give rise to such urgent problems as deviant behavior, child neglect and homelessness, and juvenile crime.

The aim of the study is to draw public attention to the growing number of dysfunctional families, and to call for more vigorous actions to change this situation that endangers the national security for the better.

Study objectives:

  • To determine age peculiarities of deviant manifestations in children;
  • To specify, what deviations in inner circle contribute to development of deviations in minor children and to determine most effective measures of prevention and correction of this phenomenon.

Data. 299 children registered and on social follow-up at the ôGarmoniaö Center of social support to families and children in the town of Kolomna, Moscow region.

Methods: sociological, mathematical and analytical.

Results. The authors present data on character and prevalence of deviant behavior in children of different age (under 1 year, 2-4 years, 5-7 years, 8-12 years and 13-17 years), namely: psychological problems and social maladjustment, conflicts with peers and aggression, runaway and vagabondage, immorality, poor progress at school, non-attendance of school, begging, physical, mental and emotional violence, tobacco smoking, substance abuse, alcohol abuse, suicide attempts and offence; with identification of the age average indicator, its excess depending upon the deviation type and child age, prevalence, ranking of negative and positive environmental factors, qualitative difference in perception of environmental factors by children of different age.

Conclusion. The authors made suggestions on prevention and correction of deviant behavior in children; presented experience of leading institutions of social support to minor children.

Keywords: deviant behavior, minor children, family, environmental factors, impact technology, preventive actions and countermeasures, socialization, social service facilities.

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