About this Journal Publication ethics Editorial Board Editorial Council Editorial Office For the Authors Contacts
English

News feeds

Journal in Databases

eLIBRARY.RU - ═└ËÎ═└▀ Ţ╦┼╩Ďđ╬══└▀ ┴╚┴╦╚╬Ď┼╩└

Google Scholar

Google Scholar

For authors' attention

Publication is free of charge

In aims to provide interconnection of publications in international scientific journals using Digital Object Identification - DOI, our editorial office incorporated the journal "Social aspects of population health" into international reference system CrossRef.

Since 2016 DOI will be assigned to all scientific articles published in our journal free of charge.

Also DOI will be assigned to all articles published in 2014 and 2015 free of charge as well
Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣1 2018 (59) arrow RESULTS OF SOCIAL SURVEYS TO IDENTIFY FORMS OF STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV IN TAJIKISTAN
RESULTS OF SOCIAL SURVEYS TO IDENTIFY FORMS OF STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV IN TAJIKISTAN Print
Tuesday, 06 March 2018

DOI: 10.21045/2071-5021-2018-59-1-7

1Ruziev M.M., 2Bandaev I.S., 3Son I.M., 2Raupov F.O.
1
Republican Center for AIDS Prevention and Control, Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Republic of Tajikistan; Dushanbe, Tajikistan
2
The Republican Training and Clinical Center for Family Medicine, Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Republic of Tajikistan; Dushanbe, Tajikistan
3
Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia

Contacts: Ruziev Murodaly, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Information about authors: Son I.M., http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9309-2853
Acknowledgments. The study had no sponsorship.
Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Abstract

In recent years, Tajikistan has undertaken a number of measures aimed at developing a legislative framework to control spread of HIV/AIDS and reduce stigma and discrimination against HIV-infected people. However, the level of stigma and discrimination in the society remains high.

The purpose of the study was to analyze forms of stigma and discrimination in the society against people living with HIV.

Methods. Social survey was implemented in large cities and districts of the three regions of the Republic of Tajikistan. The data were collected using a standardized questionnaire containing both closed and open questions. The survey was conducted among health professionals; teachers of secondary education institutions; law enforcement and judicial authorities (lawyers and judges); service workers; religious figures; mass media specialists; representatives of administrative bodies of the local authorities (Khukumats) and people living with HIV.

Results. About 45% of the respondents noted that there are various forms of stigma and discrimination in Tajikistan now. The most vulnerable to stigma associated with HIV are children and women.

In the opinion of people living with HIV, they feel most discriminated by people around. A high level of discrimination towards people living with HIV, in their opinion, manifests itself while getting employment and receiving health care. About 40% of HIV-infected people noted that they experience different forms of discrimination in the family.

Discussion. The study showed that the existing high level of stigma in Tajikistan results in people living with HIV discrimination. The problem of stigma and discrimination of people living with HIV is yet to be solved by many countries of the world. It can be handled by implementation of programs aimed at restraining stigma to reduce social isolation and increase adherence to HIV treatment.

Conclusion. In general, there is a positive trend among population that people living with HIV have the right to work; however in those sectors that people deal almost daily with (education, health and social services), there is a relatively high level of discrimination.

Key words: stigma; discrimination; people living with HIV; social survey

References

  1. Amanzholov N., Dzhamolov P., Kalinichenko E., Kamaldinov D., Yakovleva A. Indeks stigmy v stranakh Tsentral'noy Azii. Rezul'taty issledovaniy v Kazakhstane, Kyrgyzstane i Tadzhikistane [Stigma index in countries of the Central Asia. The results of the studies in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tadzhikistane].In: Tezisy V konferentsii po VICh/SPIDu v Vostochnoy Evrope i Tsentral'noy Azii. (23-25 March 2016). Moscow. 2016. P. 241-242. (In Russian).
  2. Bovina I.B., Bovin B.G. Stigmatizatsiya: sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie aspekty (Chast' 1) [Stigma: social and psychological aspects (Part1)]. Psikhologiya i pravo [serial online] 2013 [cited 2018 Feb 02]; (3). Available from: http://psyjournals.ru/psyandlaw/2013/n3/63778.shtml. (In Russian).
  3. Borodkina O.I. Sotsial'nyy kontekst epidemii VICh/SPIDa v Rossii [Social context of HIV/AIDS epidemic in Russia]. Zhurnal issledovaniy sotsial'noy politiki 2008; 6 (2): 151-76. (In Russian).
  4. Zvonovskiy V.B. VICh i stigma [HIV and stigma]. Zhurnal issledovaniy sotsial'noy politiki 2008; 6 (4): 505-522. (In Russian).
  5. Lipay T.P., Mamedov A.K. Stigmatizatsiya kak sotsial'nyy fenomen (metodologiya issledovaniya) [Stigmatization as a social phenomena (research methods]. Aktual'nye innovatsionnye issledovaniya: nauka i praktika 2011; (1): 7. (In Russian).
  6. Ob"edinennaya programma OON po VICh/SPIDu (YuNEYDS). Global'nyy doklad: Doklad YuNEYDS o global'noy epidemii SPIDA [The Joint United Nations program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Global report: UNAIDS Report on the global AIDS epidemic]. [Online] 2013 [cited 2018 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.refworld.org.ru/docid/537b4aab4.html. (In Russian).
  7. O vnesenii izmeneniy i dopolneniy v Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan "O protivodeystvii virusu immunodefitsita cheloveka i sindromu priobretennogo immunodefitsita [On amendments and additions in the Law of the Republic of Tadzhikistane "On combating human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome]. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 31.12.2008 g. ╣476. [Online] [cited 2018 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.adlia.tj/show_doc.fwx?rgn=14232 . (In Russian).
  8. O vnesenii izmeneniy i dopolneniy v Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan "O protivodeystvii virusu immunodefitsita cheloveka i sindromu priobretennogo immunodefitsita [On amendments and additions in the Law of the Republic of Tadzhikistane "On combating human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome]. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 14.03.2014 g. ╣1078. [Online] [cited 2018 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.adlia.tj/show_doc.fwx?rgn=121356. (In Russian).
  9. O protivodeystvii virusu immunodefitsita cheloveka i sindromu priobretennogo immunodefitsita [On combating human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome]. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 28.12.2005 g. ╣150. [Online] [cited 2018 Feb 13]. Available from: http://base.spinform.ru/show_doc.fwx?rgn=11446. (In Russian).
  10. Pokrovskiy V.V., editor. VICh-infektsiya i SPID: Natsional'noe rukovodstvo [HIV infection and AIDS. National guidelines]. Moscow: GEOTAR-Media; 2013. 608 p. (In Russian).
  11. Snizhenie stigmy i diskriminatsii v svyazi s VICh: vazhnaya chast' natsional'nykh programm po SPIDu: Material dlya natsional'nykh uchastnikov mer v otvet na VICh [Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programs: a resource for national stakeholders in the HIV response]. UNAIDS/07.32E / JC1420E, December 2007 Ń. [Online] [cited 2018 Feb 13]. Available from: http://www.hiv.by/uploads/2011-08-02/snizhenie_stigmy_i_diskriminacii.pdf. (In Russian).
  12. Chernyavskaya O.A., Ioannidi E.A. Nekotorye aspekty problemy stigmatizatsii i diskriminatsii lyudey, zhivushchikh s VICh/SPIDom [The particular aspects of the problem in stigmatization and discrimination of persons living with HIV-AIDS]. Sotsiologia meditsiny 2014; 13 (2): 46-8. (In Russian).

Views: 1434

Be first to comment this article

Write Comment
  • Please keep the topic of messages relevant to the subject of the article.
  • Personal verbal attacks will be deleted.
  • Please don't use comments to plug your web site. Such material will be removed.
  • Just ensure to *Refresh* your browser for a new security code to be displayed prior to clicking on the 'Send' button.
  • Keep in mind that the above process only applies if you simply entered the wrong security code.
Name:
E-mail
Comment:

Code:* Code
I wish to be contacted by email regarding additional comments

Last Updated ( Monday, 19 March 2018 )
< Prev   Next >
home contact search contact search