About this Journal Publication ethics Editorial Board Editorial Council Editorial Office For the Authors Contacts
English

News feeds

Journal in Databases

eLIBRARY.RU - ═└ËÎ═└▀ Ţ╦┼╩Ďđ╬══└▀ ┴╚┴╦╚╬Ď┼╩└

Google Scholar

Google Scholar

For authors' attention

Publication is free of charge

In aims to provide interconnection of publications in international scientific journals using Digital Object Identification - DOI, our editorial office incorporated the journal "Social aspects of population health" into international reference system CrossRef.

Since 2016 DOI will be assigned to all scientific articles published in our journal free of charge.

Also DOI will be assigned to all articles published in 2014 and 2015 free of charge as well
Main arrow Archive of previous Issues arrow ╣1 2011 (17) arrow Professional morbidity in Russia: regional variations and causes
Professional morbidity in Russia: regional variations and causes Print
Monday, 28 February 2011

Gudinova Zh. V., Zhernakova G. N.
Omsk State Medical Academy, Omsk

In the article, methodical features of social and hygienic monitoring of professional morbidity are formulated. The basic environment conditions influencing the growth in professional diseases in regions of the Russian Federation are marked.

Research has been carried out with using the methodology of social medical geography. Official statistics materials have been processed by using the methods of descriptive statistics, percentiles, correlation-regress and cluster analyses together with Wilcoxon criterion, and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results were considered as significant at ­ <0.05.

Essential heterogeneity in territories of Russia has been determined concerning registered indicators of professional morbidity, the tendency of indicators growth in the Asian territories of the country with a reduction in professional morbidity in the Russian Federation as a whole in 1.4 times during the period examined.

The technique for assessing the quality of information on the basis of mortality rate indicators in employable population and working conditions is offered. 38 regions with unsatisfactory quality of the statistics are allocated, most in the Siberian territories, the North West and the Central Federal Districts.

The greatest number of interrelations between indicators of professional morbidity and the number of workers operating under conditions that do not satisfy to sanitary-and-hygienic requirements has been revealed in the industry ( rs = 0.4) including those caused by influence of a high noise level, ultrasound, infrasound (rs = 0.4) radiations, vibrations (rs = 0.3), increased dust content (rs = 0.4) and gassed conditions (rs = 0.3) in the working zone air, as well as high levels of unionizing (rs = 0.3) and ionizing radiations (r s = 0.2), and heavy physical work (rs = 0.3). Also proved is the influence on professional mortality besides working conditions ( contribution of 54 %), the social and economic situation as well ; that is proved by a direct dependence from the Gini coefficient and inverse dependence from the state expenses on housing and communal services ( contribution of 16 %) . The contribution of ecological factors to professional morbidity has made 10 %, health care provision ľ 19 %.

Results of the work are expedient for using in practice of social and hygienic monitoring. Application of the techniques offered will make it possible to predict a level of professional morbidity depending on environmental factors, to substantiate the directions of preventive programs, to allocate regions, in which the quality of medical examinations of the employable population should be improved.

Key words: professional morbidity; death rate of employable-age population; information quality; working conditions; environment; preventive measures; socio-hygienic monitoring.

References

  1. Gudinova ZhV. Druzhelyubnaya statistika: analiz i prognozirovanie zdorovya v populyatsionnykh issledovaniyakh: obuchayushchie tekhnologii, poshagovye instruktsii [Elektronnyy resurs]. [Friendly statistics: analysis and prognosis for health state in populations studies. Educative technologies. Step-wise instructions. (Electronic resource). Omsk. Omsk State Medical Academy]. Omsk: Omskaya gosudarstvennaya meditsinskaya akademiya; 2007. 1 CD-ROM.
  2. Gudinova ZhV. Nauchnye osnovy sotsialno-gigienicheskogo monitoringa invalidnosti detey [Scientific foundations of social demographic monitoring for disabled children] [PhD. Thesis]. Omsk; 2005. 44 p.
  3. Ivanova AE. Sotsialno-demograficheskaya tsena psikhicheskogo zdorovya naseleniya [Social demographic implications of psychiatric health of the people] [DSc. Thesis]. Moscow; 1998. 37 p.
  4. Izmerov NF. Natsionalnaya sistema meditsiny truda kak osnova sokhraneniya zdorovya rabotayushchego naseleniya Rossii. [National system of labour medicine as a foundation for preserving the state of health in working population of Russia]. In: Proceedings of the Congress of hygienic and sanitation physicians. Vol. 2. Moscow; 2007. p. 1105-1111.
  5. Fokin MV, editor. O sostoyanii professionalnoy zabolevaemosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 2005 godu. Informatsionnyy sbornik statisticheskikh i analiticheskikh materialov. [On the professional morbidity in Russian Federation in 2005. Collection of data: statistics and analyses. Federal center of hygienic and epidemiology in peopleĺs consumption supervision board of Russia. Moscow. 2006. 42 p.
  6. Onishchenko GG. Sostoyanie usloviy truda i professionalnoy zabolevaemosti rabotnikov Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Labour conditions and professional morbidity of working people of Russian Federation]. Gigiena i sanitariya 2009;(1):29-33.
  7. Ravdugina TG. Upravlenie zdorovem naseleniya i zdravookhraneniem na regionalnom urovne v usloviyakh reform [Controlling of the state of populationĺs health and of the public health system on regional level under conditions of the reform of the society] [PhD. Thesis]. Moscow (Russia); 1999. 25 p.
  8. Albitskiy VYu, Yusupova AN, Sharapova EI, Volkov IM. Reproduktivnoe zdorove i povedenie zhenshchin Rossii [Reproductive health and behavior of women of Russia]. Kazan: Meditsina; 2001. 248 p.
  9. Rogozhnikov VA, Starodubov VI, Orlova GG. Problemy okhrany zdorovya naseleniya selskikh munitsipalnykh obrazovaniy [Certain problems of health protection in rural population]. Starodubov VI, editor. Moscow; 2004. 448 p.
  10. Sostoyanie usloviy truda rabotnikov promyshlennosti, stroitelstva, transporta, svyazi po oblastyam, respublikam, krayam (na konets 2001 goda). Rossiyskaya Informatsionnaya Sistema Okhrany Truda [Labour conditions of the people working in industry, construction, transport, and communications. The picture in Regions, Autonomous Republics, Lands (by the end of 2001). Russian Information System for Labour Conditionsĺ Considerations] [Internet]. 2002 [cited 2010 Sep 13]. Available from: http://www.risot.safework.ru/Occupational_diseases_2001.asp
  11. Vereshchagin AI, editor. Sanitarnoye sostoyaniye subektov Rossiyskoy federatsii v 2003-2005 gg. Statisticheskie materialy () [Vereshchagin AI, editor. Sanitation conditions in major administrative complexes of Russian Federation in 2003-5. Statistical data]. Moscow: Federalnyy tsentr gigiyeny i epidemiologii Rospotrebnadzora; 2006. 87 p.
  12. Sotsialno-gigienicheskiy monitoring. Invalidnost detey. Sbor, obrabotka i analiz pokazateley. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii [Social hygienic monitoring for disabled children. Accumulation, processing, and analysis of main measures. Guidelines.]. Moskow: Federalnyy tsentr gossanepidnadzora; 2004. 68 p. (Rus).
  13. Sotsialnoe polozhenie i uroven zhizni naseleniya Rossii: Stat. sb. [Social status and living standards in Russian population]. Collection of statistical data. Moscow: State Comity of Statistics. 2007. 505 p.
  14. Starodubov VI, Mikhaylova YuV, Ivanova AE, editors. Zdorovye naseleniya Rossii v kontekste 90 godov: problemy i perspektivy [Health state of population of Russia in the 90-ies. Problems and prospects]. Moscow: Meditsina; 2003. 288 p.
  15. Starodubov VI, Belyaev EN, Kiselev AS, editors. Issledovanie metodami mnogofaktornogo analiza prichinno-sledstvennykh svyazey mezhdu stepenyu zagryazneniya vody i zdorovyem naseleniya Volzhskogo basseyna [Multifactor study of causative-consequential relationship between the extent of contamination of water and health state of population of Volga basin]. Moscow: Federalnyy tsentr gossanepidnadzora Minzdrava Rossii; 2002. 391 p.
  16. Starodubov VI, Baranov AA, Albitskiy VYu. Kontseptsiya Federalnogo atlasa "Regionalnye faktory i osobennosti sostoyaniya detskogo naseleniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii" [The concept of Federal Atlas ôRegional factors and main features of children population in Russian Federationö]. Zdravookhranenie Rossiyskoy Federatsii 2004; (6):3-5.
  17. Trufakin VA, Krapivko RE. Demograficheskaya situatsiya i zdorove naseleniya Sibirskogo federalnogo okruga [Demographic situation and state of health of population of Federal Siberian District]. In: Aktualnye problemy zdorovya naseleniya Sibiri: gigienicheskie i epidemiologicheskie aspekty. Proceedings of 5th International Sciens Conference. Vol. 1. Omsk; 2004. p. 5-12.

Views: 19136

Be first to comment this article

Write Comment
  • Please keep the topic of messages relevant to the subject of the article.
  • Personal verbal attacks will be deleted.
  • Please don't use comments to plug your web site. Such material will be removed.
  • Just ensure to *Refresh* your browser for a new security code to be displayed prior to clicking on the 'Send' button.
  • Keep in mind that the above process only applies if you simply entered the wrong security code.
Name:
E-mail
Comment:

Code:* Code

Last Updated ( Tuesday, 10 May 2011 )
< Prev   Next >
home contact search contact search